The 1919 Amritsar massacre, known alternatively as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre after the Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) in the northern Indian city of Amritsar, was ordered by General R.E.H. Dyer. On Sunday April 13, 1919, which happened to be 'Baisakhi', one of Punjab's largest religious festivals, fifty British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning. Dyer marched his fifty riflemen to a raised bank and ordered them to kneel and fire. Dyer ordered soldiers to reload their rifles several times and they were ordered to shoot to kill. Official British Raj sources estimated the fatalities at 379, and with 1,100 wounded.
Heritage walk is a guided tour deep inside the narrow lanes and Bye lanes of the 400 year old city of amritsar. One gets to see Katras, Akharas Bungas, Havelis,and Hatties. The walk takes you back in the time as you witness town planning traditional trade and crafts being Practiced in the same place and in the same manner as has been done for centuries.
It is in the However,the famous intricately carved wooden facades that will mesmerise you This walk is an opportunity to feel part of this beautiful, sacred, vibrating city.
The Arts and Cultural Heritage Trust (TAACHT) has recently, in October 2016, set up the world’s first Partition Museum, at Town Hall, Amritsar. The Museum, open from Tuesday to Sunday, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., receives large numbers of visitors daily—from schoolchildren to Partition Survivors, from international tourists to village dwellers, from politicians to scholars. On some days, more than 1000 visitors have come to see the curtain raiser exhibition, which represents some of the highlights of the final Museum.
The Museum is part of the newly inaugurated Heritage Street at Amritsar, which starts at the Golden Temple and ends at the Town Hall. The Partition Museum was inaugurated (with the curtain raiser exhibition) on October 24, 2016...........
Gobindgarh Fort – the very symbol of Punjab. A symbol of the times when Punjab was forged. Spread across a grand 43 acres, right in the heart of Amritsar city, this magnificent, heritage site has a glorious history of its own, spanning across 257 years – right from the era of the Bhangi Misl to the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh- to The British East India Company to The Indian Army to now, when finally, it opens its gates to the people of Punjab.
Maharajah Ranjit Singh Panorama
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Panorama is a permanent visual documentation of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and it has been conceptualized and set up by National Council of Science Museums, an autonomous organization of the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The sprawling 4.5 acres of land in the historic Rambagh Heritage Garden at the heart of the holy city of Amritsar has been made available for developing the panorama by the Government of Punjab, whereas the entire cost of setting up of the panorama has been borne by the Government of India. An aesthetically designed tall cylindrical building surrounded with green garden near Summer Palace of Maharaja in the Rambagh Heritage Garden is now a landmark in the city of Amritsar.
Punjab State War Heroes Memorial & Museum
Punjab is the sword arm of the country and has been on the invasion route to the heart land of India since, the beginning of the recorded history. It is an amazing reality that the heroic people of this land across gender have never reneged on their duty towards the Idea of India in terms of living and dying by the military ethos of 'Naam, Namak, Nishan'' (Honour, Integrity, Flag) always and every time there has been a call for duty.
Government of Punjab decided that there was requirement for a world class memorial-cum-museum to come up at Amritsar, which as is commonly known is battle field associated with wars fought on its sacred soil since the times of Alexander the Great in 326 BCE.
The border with Pakistan lies roughly 30kms from Amritsar at Attari on the Grand Trunk Road to Lahore and is one of the main access points overland to the neighbouring nation. A flag-lowering ceremony is held here daily at sunset by both sides. And along with the interactive patriotic fiesta that precedes it, the ceremony is a huge attraction for visitors. Another attraction in close proximity is the complex housing the samadh of Sham Singh Attari. A celebrated General of the Sikh Empire, he fought valiantly and is known for his last stand at the Battle of Sabraon. The grounds include samadhs of his family members, a museum dedicated to the General and his descendants, and a water tank.